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Archive for dogs

Diabetes in Dogs

~ Increased levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood (known as “hyperglycemia”) when the dog has been fasted, combined with the presence of glucose (sugar) in the urine (known as “glucosuria”)
~ Disorder of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism caused by an absolute or relative insulin deficiency
~ The pancreas is an organ of the body, located near the upper small intestine; the pancreas produces insulin to regulate blood sugar

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Tick and Tick Control

• Dogs and cats may be parasitized by ticks; ticks found on dogs and cats are in the families “Ixodidae” and “Argasidae”
• Ticks may cause other health problems, including allergic reactions (hypersensitivity), paralysis, and blood-loss anemia
• Tick control is challenging; in many areas, tick control is required year-round

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Rabies

• Rabies is a serious, usually fatal infection for the pet; rabies can be spread from animals to people (known as having “zoonotic potential”)
• Tell your veterinarian about any possible human exposure (such as contact with the pet or other suspected rabid animal or a bite or scratch)
• Any person possibly exposed to rabies should see a physician immediately
• Local public health officials must be notified

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Kneecap Dislocation

• The “patella” is the kneecap; it is located at the front of the stifle joint; the “stifle” is the knee joint of the dog or cat—it is the joint between the large upper thigh bone (the femur) and the two lower leg bones (tibia and fibula)
• “Luxation” is the medical term for dislocation

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Hip Dysplasia

• Hip dysplasia has a genetic (inherited) basis, involving multiple genes
• Development of hip dysplasia determined by an interaction of genetic and environmental factors
• Medical therapy is designed to relieve signs (known as “palliative therapy”); it does not “cure” the disease, because the joint instability is not corrected
• Joint deterioration or degeneration often progresses, unless a corrective orthopedic surgical procedure is performed early in the disease
• Surgical procedures can salvage hip-joint function once severe joint deterioration or degeneration occurs

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Flea-Bite Hypersensitivity and Flea Control

• Flea control is important for dogs and cats
• No cure exists for flea-bite hypersensitivity
• Flea-allergic pets often become more sensitive to flea bites as they age
• Controlling exposure to fleas is currently the only means of controlling signs; “allergy shots” (known as “hyposensitization”) for flea-bite hypersensitivity are not effective

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Chocolate Poisoning

• Chocolate ingestion is hazardous to pets; if you suspect your pet has eaten chocolate, chocolate-containing products, or cocoa bean hull mulch, contact your veterinarian immediately
• Describe the type of chocolate and amount of exposure to your veterinarian; take your pet to a veterinary hospital as a potential poisoning emergency
• Chocolate is among the 20 most common poisonings reported in recent literature by small animal veterinary practices, animal poison control centers, and human poison control centers
• Keep chocolate in a secure location, out of reach of pets
• Be especially careful around holidays when chocolate products and candies are readily available
• Do not use cocoa bean hull mulch in areas accessible to pets

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Arthritis (Osteoarthritis)

• “Arthritis” is the medical term for inflammation of the joints; “osteoarthritis” is a form of joint inflammation (arthritis) characterized by long-term (chronic) deterioration or degeneration of the joint cartilage
• Progressive and permanent deterioration of joint cartilage
• Also known as “degenerative joint disease” or DJD

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Urinary Incontinence

• Loss of voluntary control of urination, usually observed as involuntary urine leakage
• Medium- to large-breed dogs most often affected
• Most common in middle-aged to old, spayed female dogs
• Obesity may increase the risk of urinary incontinence in spayed female dogs
• Urinary tract infection is a possible complication of urinary incontinence

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Separation Anxiety Syndrome

~ A distress response of dogs (occasionally cats) separated from the person or persons to whom they are most attached
~ The separation may be real (the person is gone from the home environment) or perceived (the pet is just located away from the person, as being in a different room)
~ The resulting may lead to episodes of destruction, vocalization, and elimination
~ Separation anxiety is a subset of separation-related problems that may have different underlying motivations, including fear, anxiety, over attachment to the person(s), and lack of appropriate stimulation or interactions

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