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Archive for disease

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

Basics OVERVIEW •  A complex retrovirus that causes immunodeficiency disease in domestic cats •  “Immunodeficiency” is the medical term for inability to develop a normal immune response •  Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is in the same genus (Lentivirus) of viruses as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the causative agent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in people […]

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Feline Leukemia Virus Infection

Basics OVERVIEW •  A retrovirus that causes inability to develop a normal immune response (known as “immunodeficiency”) and development of tumors in domestic cats Genetics •  No genetic susceptibility to infection by feline leukemia virus (FeLV) Species •  Cats Breed Predilections •  None Mean Age and Range •  Number of cases highest between 1 and […]

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Tick and Tick Control

• Dogs and cats may be parasitized by ticks; ticks found on dogs and cats are in the families “Ixodidae” and “Argasidae”
• Ticks may cause other health problems, including allergic reactions (hypersensitivity), paralysis, and blood-loss anemia
• Tick control is challenging; in many areas, tick control is required year-round

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Rabies

• Rabies is a serious, usually fatal infection for the pet; rabies can be spread from animals to people (known as having “zoonotic potential”)
• Tell your veterinarian about any possible human exposure (such as contact with the pet or other suspected rabid animal or a bite or scratch)
• Any person possibly exposed to rabies should see a physician immediately
• Local public health officials must be notified

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Periodontal Disease

• Periodontal disease is the most common infectious disease in dogs and cats
• Periodontal disease can lead to infection in other areas of the body and may cause heart, liver, and or kidney disease
• Professional dental cleaning and home care are essential for prevention of periodontal disease
• Your pet’s veterinarian will discuss home care and available products and will provide instructions for their use

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Heartworm Disease in Dogs

• Routine heartworm preventive medication (as directed by your dog’s veterinarian) is key to preventing your dog from becoming infested with heartworms; heartworm disease is a preventable disease
• Good prognosis for pets with mild-to-moderate heartworm disease
• Complications involving the lungs following administration of medication to kill the adult heartworms (post-adulticide pulmonary complications) likely in pets with moderate-to-severe heartworm disease
• Reinfestation can occur, unless appropriate heartworm preventive medication is administered

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Bad Breath

• Bad breath or halitosis is a sign; it is an offensive odor coming from the mouth
• Bad breath (halitosis) generally indicates an unhealthy mouth
• Once the specific cause of the bad breath (halitosis) is known, direct therapy at correcting the underlying cause
• Ensure good oral health by professional and home dental care (such as brushing teeth) to decrease bad breath (halitosis)

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Addison’s Disease

* A hormonal disorder resulting from decreased production of hormones (glucocorticoids and/or mineralocorticoids) by the adrenal glands.
* Lifelong glucocorticoid and/or mineralocorticoid replacement therapy is required
* Increased dosages of glucocorticoids or steroids are required during periods of stress (such as travel, hospitalization, and surgery), as directed by your pet’s veterinarian

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