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Feline Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

Basics OVERVIEW •  A complex retrovirus that causes immunodeficiency disease in domestic cats •  “Immunodeficiency” is the medical term for inability to develop a normal immune response •  Feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) is in the same genus (Lentivirus) of viruses as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the causative agent of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in people […]

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Feline Leukemia Virus Infection

Basics OVERVIEW •  A retrovirus that causes inability to develop a normal immune response (known as “immunodeficiency”) and development of tumors in domestic cats Genetics •  No genetic susceptibility to infection by feline leukemia virus (FeLV) Species •  Cats Breed Predilections •  None Mean Age and Range •  Number of cases highest between 1 and […]

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Why does my dog scoot?

When a dog scoots or drags his behind the carpet, it can look strange–or even comical.  If he does it when you have company, it can also be embarrassing!  If you have ever seen this happen, you may be wondering why your dog does this.  In almost all cases your dog is trying to get […]

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Puppy Behavior Problems

• For the most part, these problems include behaviors that are normal and common to most puppies, but they are not acceptable to the family
• The undesirable behaviors require some degree of modification by training and “shaping” to become acceptable; “shaping” is a behavioral technique that gradually directs the puppy to the desired behavior—the puppy is rewarded for a response that is similar to the desired behavior in a stepwise fashion, until the desired behavior is accomplished
• Training problems include destructive chewing, play biting, jumping on people, and getting on counters or furniture

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Kitten Behavior Problems

• Undesirable behaviors exhibited by kittens between birth and puberty
• May include biting; scratching; excessive or destructive play, or both; fear and defensive behaviors

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Diabetes in Dogs

~ Increased levels of glucose (sugar) in the blood (known as “hyperglycemia”) when the dog has been fasted, combined with the presence of glucose (sugar) in the urine (known as “glucosuria”)
~ Disorder of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism caused by an absolute or relative insulin deficiency
~ The pancreas is an organ of the body, located near the upper small intestine; the pancreas produces insulin to regulate blood sugar

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Diabetes in Cats

~ Disorder of carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism caused by absolute or relative insulin deficiency or resistance to insulin
~ Type II (non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus) is characterized by inadequate or delayed insulin secretion relative to the needs of the cat; many of these pets live without the need for insulin injections (exogenous insulin) and are less prone to ketoacidosis (acidic condition of the blood caused by the presence of ketone bodies); most common form in cats

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Aggression in Dogs

~ Action taken by one dog directed against a person or another animal, with the result of harming, limiting, or depriving that person or animal; aggression may be offensive or defensive
~ Offensive aggression—unprovoked response directed toward a person or another animal in order to control access to some resource (such as food or toys) at the expense of that person or animal; includes social status/dominance aggression, possessive aggression; intermale (that is, between two males) aggression and interfemale (that is, between two females) aggression, and predatory aggression; common targets are familiar people or animals
~ Defensive aggression—aggression is directed toward a person or another animal perceived as an instigator or threat; includes fear-motivated, territorial, protective, irritable (pain-associated or frustration-related), and maternal aggression; common targets are unfamiliar people or animals

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Aggression in Cats

• Aggression can be a normal and appropriate behavior in certain situations, such as allowing the cat to protect itself, or it may be abnormal, with serious consequences for the cat’s physical and emotional well-being
• “Aggressivity” describes both mood and temperamental traits that relate to the likelihood to show aggression when environmental circumstances dictate it might be used

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Eating Non-food Items and Eating Feces

~ Eating of non-food items (known as “pica”), including eating of feces of bowel movement (known as “coprophagia”)
~ Coprophagia is not uncommon in dogs; it is rare in cats

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